Title: Pain Perception and Attitude towards Orthodontic Treatment of Treated & Untreated subjects
Authors: Apexa Modh, Ajay Kubavat, Manish Desai, Jamadgni Gor, Alpesh Vaghela
Introduction and Objective of study: Orthodontic treatment involves alignment of the teeth and correction of jaw asymmetry. Pain and discomfort are the common problems noticed during the treatment. This study was designed to evaluate the relationship of pain perception and attitude towards orthodontic treatment of treated and untreated patients.
Methodology: The sample contained of two groups: Group 1 contained of 50 untreated subjects (25 males, 25 females; average age 22.7 ± 1.4 years), and Group 2 consisted of 50 treated subjects (25 males, 25 females; average age, 23.07 ± 1.3 years). Data collection was done in questionnaire form that included an assessment of pain experience for treated subjects, pain expectation for untreated subjects, and attitude toward orthodontic treatment. An analysis of variance was done between the groups to test for statistical significance. Categorical variables were evaluated with independent t-test with level of significance P<0.05.
Results: Treatment status affects pain perception and attitude of a person toward orthodontic treatment. Pain perception of untreated patients was high compared to treated patients. Attitude of untreated patients was more negative than treated patients. It was statistically significant.
Conclusion: Lack of awareness towards the orthodontic treatment was noticed in untreated patients. Pain perception and attitude of treated patients may vary by operator’s skills and practice. Patients with better attitude experienced less pain.
Keywords: Pain perception, attitude, Orthodontic treatment.