Title: Surgical factors affecting superficial surgical site infections in laparotomy incisions
Authors: Dr Abdul Basith P.T, Dr Sanaa Mohammed Konnakkodan
Aim: to compare incidence of superficial surgical site infections in elective and emergency laparotomies and to study the significance of factors like duration of surgery and level of contamination in incidence of superficial SSI
Materials and Methods: 200 patients who underwent midline laparotomy (100 patients each in elective and emergency laparotomy groups) were followed up for a period of one month for the incidence of surgical site infections and effect of surgical risk factors were analysed
Results: the incidence of superficial surgical site infections was 20.7% with a higher incidence in those who underwent emergency laparotomy. surgical site infections were higher among patients who underwent prolonged surgeries, higher level of contamination was associated with higher incidence of superficial SSI
Keywords: superficial surgical site infections, elective and emergency laparotomy, duration of surgery, level of contamination.