Title: Neurological manifestation in patients with hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke: a study in Indian population
Authors: Vinod Kumar Mehta, Ayushi Jain, Reena Chittora, Rajesh Kumar Kori, Abbas Ali Mahdi
Background: The two types of brain stroke are hemorrhagic and ischemic. The symptoms that follow a stroke aren't significant and depend on the brain area affected and damaged. Parameters for predicting long-term outcome in such patients have not been clearly defined. This study was undertaken to predict the neurological manifestations and outcomes of stroke patients.
Methods: A descriptive hospital-based study of the neurological symptoms and signs of 60 patients with stroke, including headache, seizure, eye movement disorder, pupil size, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), nerve palsy, aphasia, hemiplegia, monoplegia, ataxia, vertigo, were analyzed.
Results: In the present study, dilated pupils, agitation, severe headache, lower GCS score, seizure, and eye gaze impairment had significantly higher prevalence in hemorrhagic stroke patients (P<0.001) as compared to ischemic stroke patients.
Conclusion: Although this result provides different parameters for the stroke types, imaging studies are still the gold standard modality for diagnosis.
Keywords: Stroke, ischemic, hemorrhagic, clinical presentation, seizure.