Title: Quality of Life and Functional Disability in Patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Authors: Niska Sinha, Satish Kumar Sinha
Background: Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder which is chronic and incapacitating illness that causes profound impairment in psychosocial functioning and quality of life.
Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted with an aim to study the quality of life and disability between obsessive compulsive disorder and control group. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample size comprising of 40 patients of OCD and matched healthy controls after obtaining Ethical Committee approval. Patients were assessed using a semi-structured Socio-demographic proforma, Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS), WHO Quality of life-BREF (WHO-QOL-BREF). Data was evaluated using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS Inc. version 17.0).
Results: Poor quality of life in physical, psychological, social and environment domains as well as overall quality of life was found in OCD patient group as compared to control group. The OCD patient group was significantly more disabled compared to control group in work, social, environment domains as well as overall disability. Severity of OCD correlated positively with disability whereas it correlated negatively with quality of life.
Keywords: Quality of life, functional disability, obsessive compulsive disorder