Title: A study of prevalence of autoimmune thyroid disorder in type 2 diabetes mellitus
Authors: Dinesh Gurjar, Mukesh Gupta, Harish Sharma, Sunil Pathak, Hemraj Gurjar
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia.
Methods: From the patients admitted 100 representative cases of Type 2 DM are taken as subjects for the study. The diagnosis of diabetes is based on revised criteria according to consensus panel of experts from the national diabetes data group and WHO.
Results: 82.00% cases of Type 2 DM were normal thyroid function and 6.00% cases were hypothyroidism, 12.00% cases were sub hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism is more evident in the elderly age groups (55–65 years). Among those diabetic patients with thyroid dysfunction (subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroidism), 15 (83.33%) out of 18 were females.
Conclusion: Thyroid dysfunction was more in female than male. Maximum number of T2DM patients had subclinical hypothyroidism.
Keywords: T2DM, Hypothyroidism, Thyroid function.