Title: An epidemiological study of prevalence of anaemia and its correlates among adolescent girls in the rural area of Rohtas district, Bihar, India
Authors: Dr Seema Kumari, Dr Dharmvir Ranjan Bharati, Dr D K Yadava, Dr Ajay Kumar, Binish Inam
Background: Adolescents girls constitute constitute about 20% of the population a vulnerable group as get traditionally married at an early age, they are exposed to a greater risk of reproductive morbidity and mortality.
Aims and Objectives: (1) To find out the prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls. (2) To find its various risk factors among adolescent girls
Materials and Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was carried out in one village of Rural Health Training Centre, Nahauna, Department of Community Medicine, Narayna Medical College, Jamuhar, Sasaram,district Rohtas, Bihar during November- December 2018. Total 142 adolescent girls who are residing in the study area were included in the study.
Results: The prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls was 59.2%. Out of 84 anaemic girls, 62 (73.8%) were mild anaemic, 18 (21.4%) were moderate anaemic and 04 (4.8%) were severely anaemic. Prevalence of anaemia was significantly higher in girls’ of late adolescent period, of illiterate or primary educated mothers, undernourished, history of heavy menstrual flow and not taking iron folic acid tablets in last 6 months.
Conclusion: The overall prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls was found to be 59.2%. A significant association of anaemia with mother’s educational status and under notion of adolescent girls suggests a need to develop strategies for intensive female nutrition education, anaemia prophylaxis has been given to all girls as well as improve the socio-economic status of the population through poverty alleviation programs to reduce the prevalence rate of anaemia among adolescent girls.
Keywords: Adolescent girls, Anaemia, under nutrition, menstrual bleeding, IFA tablets.