Title: Comprehend Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and its major Risk Factors: Results of a Health Survey in an Indian city
Author: Dr MD. Farid Alam Ansari
Aim: Objective of this study was to assess comprehend risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a community sample in Patna city of India.
Material: 200 subjects who were over the age of 21 who was willing to complete the survey and was fluent enough in English or Hindi (local language), involved at three different general medicine clinic situated at different part of Patna city. Considering varied levels of health literacy among subjects personal interview was conducted using by a predesigned questionnaire which consists of family history, quality of life, perceived risk, physician diagnosis, demographic information and perceived efficacy in the management of their health conditions. Likert-style scale or were yes/no was used for the answer of the predesigned questionnaire. 6 minutes was the estimated time to complete the questionnaire.
Result: Hypertension was diagnosed in 68 (34%) subjects, whereas 30 (15%) subjects were having type 2 diabetes and 8 (4%) were identified who had a kidney disease. Most of the subjects were feeling uncontrolled of their respective diseases. A family history of both type 2 diabetes (chi2=14.8, p<.001) and hypertension (chi2=13.3, p<.001) were considered themselves in high risk compared to those who doesn’t had a family history of such event. Diabetes was diagnosed among 10% of those and only 7% of those diagnosed with hypertension, both leading risk factors for kidney disease, risk factors for kidney disease was considered to be in both
Conclusion: It was found that awareness about CKD and its risk factors was extremely low among local population. Initiating awareness and education programme asymptomatic nature of CKD in its initial stages should be of prime impotence with regular renal care counselling. Lifestyle modifications and education to prevent or slow the progression of CKD should provide to individuals having high risk.