Title: Pattern of Orthopedic Fractures among Pediatric Patients attending the Emergency Department of GMC Jammu
Authors: Dr Sudesh Sharma, Dr Tanveer Ahmed Bhat, Dr Sakib Arfee, Dr Mudasir Rashid, Dr Imtiyaz Beigh
Introduction: The aim of this study is to analyze the pattern of orthopedic fractures among pediatric patients presenting to the emergency department of GMC Jammu.
Methods: In this prospective study details of 962 pediatric patients in age group of 0 to 16 years with male female ratio of 626:336 presenting to the emergency department of Govt. Medical College Jammu, were recorded for a period of 2 years from June 2016 to May 2018. A total of 1005 fractures were diagnosed among all these patients and placed in a proper tabular form and final inference was drawn from these tables.
Results: In our study a total of 962 pediatric patients reported to our emergency with orthopedic fractures. Maximum no. of these patients belonged to 6-11 years of age and males (626) predominated the females (336) in terms of number. This age group [6-11years] also contributed to the maximum no. of fractures that we encountered. Upper limb fractures (77.9%) were far more common among these patients than lower limb fractures (22.1%).
Conclusion: A significant relation of fractures with male gender and 6-11 year age group was noticed as males sustained more fractures in comparison to the females both overall as well as in their respective age groups. Lower limb fractures in these pediatric patients are nearly 1/3rd of fractures of upper limb.
Keywords: Pediatric Fractures, GMC Jammu, Orthopedic Fracture Pattern.