Title: An Audit on Abdominal Trauma
Authors: Ramanauj Mukherjee, Shreya Poddar, Arup Mohanta, Asutosh Nayek, Divyendu Goutam
Background: One of the most frequently occurring surgical emergency is Blunt Abdominal Trauma, and has a strong association with high rates of mortality or morbidity. Being the leading cause of disability it poses a huge burden on the individual and the society, both mentally and financially. Even Though Liver and Spleen are the most commonly affected organs many patients present with polytrauma without distinctive signs and symptoms. Such cases, without, proper equipments, for diagnosis, highly efficient and quick managerial techniques could even lead to fatal results.
Materials and Methods: A descriptive longitudinal study was carried out on three hundred and fifty one patients who presented to the hospital .with signs of trauma. The patients were studied over six months. This study aims at assessing various presentations in cases of abdominal trauma and management systems that can control these situations.
Results: With a high segment of as much as 32 percent, accelerating injuries was found to be the most prominent mechanism of injury. Liver was the most commonly injured organ followed by spleen. Injuries to the genitourinary system, small and large bowel as well as bony injuries were also frequently present.
Keywords: solid organ trauma, road traffic injuries, abdominal trauma, accelerating, injuries management.